A2.5 The origins of the healthcare sector and how this has developed into the healthcare sector we have today

Qualification: T Level Technical Qualification in Health
Unit: Core
Learning outcome: A2: The healthcare sector
Assessment criteria: A2.5 The origins of the healthcare sector and how this has developed into the healthcare sector we have today

  • The National Health Service (NHS) began in 1948 which brought free healthcare to all UK citizens
  • Before this time, patients were expected to pay for their own treatment, or some services may have been provided by the local authority or religious institutions
  • It was the World’s first healthcare system that was free at the point of use
  • Over time, more services have been provided by the NHS and the number of staff employed has risen exponentially – consequently, the cost of the system (which is paid by taxpayers) has risen
  • Private healthcare, in which patients pay for the services directly or via insurance, has also risen over this time
  • Third-sector organisations, such as charities and volunteer groups, have risen in number to offer services and support that may not be covered by the NHS

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