Describe signs and symptoms of common childhood illnesses

Qualification: Level 3 Diploma for the Early Years Educator
Unit: Unit 1.5: Understand how to support children who are unwell
Learning outcome: 1. Know common childhood illnesses
Assessment criteria: 1.2 Describe signs and symptoms of common childhood illnesses

  • Cold – fever, runny nose, sneezing, coughing
  • Influenza (flu) – fever, headache, tired, aching muscles, chesty cough, sore throat
  • Diarrhea/vomiting
  • Ear infections – fever, pulling/rubbing ear, crying
  • Tonsilitis – sore throat, fever, headache, white spots on tonsils
  • Whooping cough – begins like a cold but turns to intense coughing which brings up phlegm and may lead to vomiting
  • Chickenpox – mild fever and headache, itchy pink spots on skin all over body that turn to blisters
  • Measles – cold-like symptoms, blotchy red rash on face, grey spots in mouth and throat, sensitivity to light
  • German measles (rubella) – mild fever, rash of pink spots
  • Mumps – cold-like symptoms followed by swelling of glands around throat
  • Scabies – tiny, itchy rash, babies may get blisters on feet
  • Hand, foot and mouth – fever, cough, mouth ulcers, sore throat, lethargy
  • Impetigo – red sores/blisters around nose and mouth and on chest, may burst leaving yellow crust
  • Scarlet fever – cold-like symptoms, rash of rough red blotches
  • Meningitis – severe headache and fever, cold hands/feet,, crying sensitivity to light, tiredness, nausea, vomiting, fast breathing, bltchy red rash

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