⇒ Level 3 Diploma in Adult Care ⇒ Level 3 Diploma Optional Units ⇒ Unit 387 Contribute to effective team working in health and social care ⇒ 1.3 Explain the process of team development

1.3 Explain the process of team development

Qualification: Level 3 Diploma in Adult Care Optional Units
Unit: Unit 387 Contribute to effective team working in health and social care
Learning outcome: 1 Understand theories of teams and team working
Assessment criteria: 1.3 Explain the process of team development

  • The process of team development is often described in terms of several stages that a team typically progresses through as they form, start working together, and evolve over time. One of the most widely used models to describe this process is Tuckman’s Stages of Group Development, which includes the following stages:
    • Forming: This is the initial stage of team development where team members are just getting to know each other. They start to understand the team’s goals and their role within it. During this stage, the behaviour of individuals is driven by a desire to be accepted by others and avoid conflict. The team leader often plays a dominant role at this stage, providing guidance and direction.
    • Storming: During this stage, as team members become more comfortable with each other, they might start to challenge each other’s ideas, leading to potential conflict. This can be a difficult stage, but it’s also important for the development of the team as it can stimulate creative thinking and help team members to understand and appreciate each other’s perspectives. Effective communication and conflict-resolution skills are important at this stage.
    • Norming: After the storming stage, the team starts to come together and establish its norms – the rules and expectations that guide how team members interact with each other. Team members develop mutual respect and understanding, and learn to work together more harmoniously. Decisions are made collectively at this stage, and team members are willing to change their preconceived ideas or opinions on the basis of facts presented by other members.
    • Performing: At this stage, the team is fully functional and working effectively towards its goals. Team members are confident, motivated, and familiar with the team’s norms, and are able to work relatively independently and handle their relationships without supervision. Not all teams reach this stage; it requires time and ongoing effort from all team members.
    • Adjourning (sometimes added as a fifth stage): This stage involves the termination of team activities and the team disbanding. This stage can be challenging, particularly if members of the team have formed close working relationships. Some team members might experience a sense of loss, while others might look forward to new experiences.
  • Remember, this is a model and not all teams follow this exact progression. Some teams might skip stages, others might go back and forth between stages, and some might get stuck in one stage. The process of team development can be complex and is influenced by a range of factors including the team’s size, its goals, the personalities of team members, and the wider organizational culture and context.

Leave a Comment