The nature-nurture debate: the relative importance of heredity and environment in determining behaviour; the interactionist approach.

Qualification: A-Level Psychology
Paper: Issues and options in psychology
Unit: Issues and debates in psychology
Assessment criteria: The nature-nurture debate: the relative importance of heredity and environment in determining behaviour; the interactionist approach.

  • Nature = Our behaviour is pre-determined by our biology such as our genes.
  • Nativists believe our behaviour has evolved to behave in particular ways due to its survival value.
  • Nurture = Our behaviour is influenced by external influences e.g. parents, teachers, experiences.
  • Nurture followers are known as empiricists.
  • Many social learning theorists support nurture through models of imitation and observation.
  • Interactionist apporach = Nature and nurture band together to control and shape human behaviour.

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